Burnt Marshmallows Taste Good

Dolores Clara Fernandez Huerta

  • Dolores Huerta was born on April 10, 1930 in Dawson, New Mexico
  • At three, her parents divorced and her mother moved the children to Stockton, California
  • Dolores’ grandfather took care of her and her brothers while her mother worked
  • Dolores received an associate’s degree in teaching from the University of the Pacific’s Delta Community College
  • She married Ralph Head while in college and had two children
  • Dolores taught grammar school for a while but resigned after seeing so many kids come to school hungry and without adequate clothing
  • In 1955, Dolores began her career in activism by helping Frank Ross start the Stockton Chapter of the Community Service Organization (CSO)
  • The CSO helped Hispanics economically and fought segregation , police brutality, and held voter registration drives
  • In 1960, she helped create the Agricultural Worker’s Associations (AWA) which led her to meet fellow activist Cesar Chavez
  • Dolores divorced her first husband and soon married Ventura Huerta and had five more kids
  • In 1962, Dolores and Cesar Chavez founded the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA)
  • Dolores served as the president of UWF until 1999
  • In 1965, Dolores helped organize the Delano Grape Strike where 5,000 grape farm workers protested against Delano grape growers
  •  In 1967 (or 1966), the United Farm Workers Union was formed (UWF), a combination of the AWA and NFWA
  • Dolores then helped negotiate contracts for workers and managed a hiring system
  • She also fought against the use of dangerous pesticides and advocated for unemployment and healthcare benefits for farm workers
  • In 1973, Dolores helped organize another large boycott which resulted in the California Agricultural Labor Relations Act of 1975
  • The act allowed farm workers to create unions and bargain for better wages and work conditions
  • In the 70s and 80s, she worked as a lobbyist on behalf of farmers in order to make sure they got proper representation
  • Dolores’ marriage to Ventura Huerta eventually ended and she began to have a relationship with Richard Chavez, brother of Cesar Chavez; they had four children together but never married
  • She has received many awards including the United States Presidential Eleanor D. Roosevelt Human Rights Award and the Presidential Medal of Freedom

Source: biography, wikipedia, nwhm

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